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space in graphic design


by JuliannaKunstler.com


Space can be used to both separate and connect elements in a design.

Wider spaces separate elements from each other and narrower spaces connect elements to reveal relationships between them. Overlapping elements maximizes their relationship.

By controlling and shaping space in our designs, we create rhythm, direction, and motion. We create design flow through our use of space.


Using whitespace (negative space) and arrangement of object(s) (positive space) solve the following problem:

Using one or more circles, create a design that would communicate one of the following words:

  • Sorrow
  • Bold
  • Wind
  • Rain
  • Reading
  • Monday morning
  • Love
  • Boredom
  • Intimidation

Create a meaningful design, but don't overdo it.

You can:

  • Use one or more circles
  • You can resize circles
  • You can change colors of the circles
  • You can overlap them


loneliness Autumn


How To:

1. Open the work file in Adobe Illustrator


3. Open SWATCHES PALETTE (Window > Swatches)

You need to select a circle to change color

4. Move and resize using Selection tool

IMPORTANT!!! when resizing - hold SHIFT to keep the proportions intact (otherwise you will be getting ovals instead of circles)!!!

5. To duplicate a circle: hold OPTION (Alt) key on your keyboard and drag it.

6. Experiment with different layouts. Pick the one, that communicates the idea with minimum elements. Don't forget to use whitespace as part of your message (lots of whitespace vs. very little of whitespace).

When done with your design: print it!