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gestalt principles

laws of visual perception

by JuliannaKunstler.com

“Gestalt” is a German word meaning “form,” or “shape.”

Gestalt Principles help us form a “whole” finished composition from various unified visual parts.

According to Gestalt theory the human mind attempts to recognize objects as a whole before examining their individual parts.

laws of visual perception

GESTALT principles

assignments

examples

 

gestalt

closure

White (negative) space between the letters “U” and “A” form the letter S. 

Figure/Ground principle is also used as "S" is a negative shape that becomes positive.

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gestalt

proximity

Our brain combines each of the adjacent horizontal bars to create a single image of the IBM logo.

This is why when we look at the IBM logo, we see three letters composed of short horizontal lines, stacked atop each other, instead of the 8 horizontal lines interspersed with uniform gaps.

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gestalt

proximity

Since all the miniature icons are clustered together, the resulting bunch easily reads as a “U” in the logo mark. 

gestalt
gestalt

Figure/Ground

The hidden arrow in the FedEx logo is one of the most popular examples of the utilization of negative spaces.

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gestalt

continuity

Our eyes follow from the C in Coca to Cola, continuing on from the C in Cola through to the L and A in the word.

This visual aid helps our eyes continue to move through the word!

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gestalt

closure

We close the gaps to complete the white shapes.

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gestalt

figure/ground

The lead "cutout" becomes a positive shape.

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gestalt

figure/ground

Negative white space reads as a positive shape.

Also, the principle of proximity is used as the two halves should be as particular distance to be read as a basketball player.

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continuity, figure/ground, closure

The three principles are used.

gestalt gestalt
gestalt

similarity

Similar shapes are used to form a flower and a bee. The striped shape is a focal point as it it different from the rest of the shapes.

The three black shapes group together for a bee symbol.

gestalt

assignment 1

For each image below, explain what Gestalt principles were used.

1. State the principle

2. Explain how this principle is used in the design.

3. Is there more than one principle used? Explain.

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gestalt
gestalt
gestalt
gestalt
gestalt
gestalt
source: https://www.canva.com/learn/gestalt-theory/
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gestalt

 

assignment 2

Find a graphic image (logo, poster, book cover, etc.) that you find interesting.

Save it.

Explain what Gestalt principles did the designer use in this work.