Advanced layer Techniques
Based on the book "Photoshop. Classroom in a Book".
image 1 | image 2 | image 3 | image 4
Objectives: Students learn to use advanced layer techniques.
Essential questions:
1. What are guides and how to use them?
2. What is Layer mask?
3. What is clipping mask?


Open image 1 and image 2:

With the Move Tool, drag the tulips onto the winter image.

Rename the Tulips layer.

Your Layers Palette should look like the one on the picture.

You are going to divide the image into four quadrants with the guides.

Guides are nonprinting lines that float over the image.
You can move and remove guides.
You can also lock them so that you don’t move them by accident.

First - bring up the rulers:
View > Rulers

Second - Position your cursor on the left ruler, click and drag the guide to the 4" mark. Release the mouse.

Third - Position the cursor over the top ruler, click and drag the guide to the 2.5" mark.

Look at the picture on the left.

Use the Rectangular Marquee Tool to select the bottom left quadrant.

Now you're going to create a Layer Mask to hide the 3/4 of the tulips without erasing them:

Make Tulips layer active.

Layer > Layer mask > Reveal Selection

Your image should look like the one on the right.


Compare the Layer palettes:

Note that you have two thumbnails on your Tulips layer.
The first one is the image's thumbnail. When it is selected - you can edit the image itself
The other one is the mask's thumbnail. When selected - you can edit the mask ( the shape of the layer's visible area - in our case it is a rectangle in the bottom left side of the image).
You can edit this shape by painting on the mask with white color (to add more reveal areas) or black color (to cover some areas).

Select the Layer Mask thumbnail (in the palette)

Make sure you have White as your Foreground color.

Select the Brush Tool.

Paint the tops of the two tulips like shown on the left picture.

Don't worry if you get some green around the flowers.

Switch the colors in the tool box to have Black as your Foreground color.

Choose a smaller brush to paint over the greens.


Only tulips should stick out.

Select the Move Tool.

Move the Tulips layer around. See how it works? Cool.....Undo.
See the chain link sign between the thumbnails?

Click on it to unlink the image and the mask.

Select the Mask thumb. Move the Tulips layer now. See the shape is moving and revealing the tulips?.. Undo.

Select the Image thumb.Move the Tulips layer now. See the shape stays and the tulips are moving? Undo.

Link the tumbs again.

Select the Image thumb.


To view the Mask alone:
Option click on the thumb

To redisplay the artwork:
Option click again

To turn off Layer Mask:
Shift click on Mask thumb

To turn it back on:
Shift click again

Position the pointer within the vertical ruler and drag to add new guides at the 6 in and 2 in marks.

Make sure the Tulips layer is active.

Add a new layer. Name it "Circle".

Select Elliptical Marquee Tool and draw a circle (hold Shift and Option/Alt) starting from thr center of the picture to the guides

Edit > Fill


Deselect (Command/Ctrl D)

Open image 3 and image 4

Choose the Move Tool.

Drag the Sunflower over the image.

Close Sunflower file

Drag the Leaves onto the image.

Close Leaves file

Your Layers palette should look like the one on the right.
Shift click on layer 1 and on Circle layer to select them.

To align these three layers go to:

Layer > Align > Vertical Centers


Layer > Align > Horizontal centers

This is what it should look like.

File > Save

Turn off Layer 2 (Leaves)

Select Layer 1 (Sunflower)

Layer > Create Clipping Mask

This is how it should look now:

The black circle works as a "reveal shape" for the layer above (Sunflower)

This is the Layers palette at this point

Make layer 2 visible.

Select it.

Place the cursor between layers 1 and 2 in the Layers palette.

Press Option on the keyboard.

The palette should look like this.


You just added another layer to the Clipping group.

Select the Move Tool

Drag Layer 2 (leaves) down.

File > Save

In the Layers palette click the Tulips layer to make it active.

Select Layer thumbnail.

Layer >
New Adjustment Layer > Levels

Adjustment Layer allowes you to apply changes to a layer (or multiple layers) without affecting the layers themselves. At any time you can delete the Adjustment layer and discard all changes.

To apply changes to only one layer - check the box.

To increase the contrast of the Tulips layer:

drag the histogram's left (black) triangle to the right - you will make all dark values darker.

drag the histogram's right (white) triangle to the left - you will make all light values lighter.

This is what the Adjustment Layer looks like in the palette.

Select Background layer.

Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Color Balance

Add more Blue, Green, and Cyan colors to the Winter landscape.
This is what the Layers palette looks like

This is what the image looks like.

Select the top layer (Layer 2)
Select Type Tool

Click on the image.

Type "Summer"

You just creates a new type Layer . Check the Layers palette.

Tou can change text formatting by highlighting the text and using the Options bar..


Switch to a different tool (any tool, for example the Direct Selection Tool) and return back to Type tool to make Type Options bar available

Now you can change the type settings and preview the changes.





Each season will be on a separate layer.

Select the top layer.

You are going to apply Layer 3-D effects.

Layer >

Layer Style >

Bevel and Emboss

Structure: Style > Emboss

Check Drop Shadow box


You can view all applied effects in the layers palette.

To condence the view - clicl on the arrow.

To apply the same effects to the rest of the Type layers:

Right-click on the top layer:
Copy Layer style

Right-click on the rest of the Type layers:
Paste layer style
This is what the Layers paleete should look like.

To delete the guides:

View >

Clear Guides

The final image

Type your name and print.

You are done!!!!!!!


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