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collage

lamination technique
 
collage landscape

Objectives: Students learn about new collage techniques: layering, staining, and dry brush.
Essential questions:
1. What are the steps you take to create a collage?
2. How does staining change a color?
3. Why do you use dry brush technique?

Lamination - is the technique of building up surfaces in multiple layers to achieve a certain texture, look, feel, etc.

GALLERY

collage design

example 1

collage

example 2

collage

example 3

STEPS

canvas

1. Glue 2 canvas boards together back to back (to prevent warping). Use pieces of masking tape to hold the canvases together while they are drying.

Sketch an image.

Landscapes and organic shapes (flowers, etc.) work the best for this technique. Use simple shapes.

layout

2. Draw a design on canvas.

collage pieces

Redraw all shapes on a single thickness illustration board, cut them out.

collage

3. Glue the shapes. Start with the background, then mid-ground, and, finally, the foreground.

collage step

Tape the shapes to secure them as they dry.

gesso

4. Cover the entire surface with gesso to seal the shapes

Gesso is an art supply used as surface preparation or primer for painting, gilding, and sculpting. Its origins are uncertain, but gesso is believed to have been developed in Italy, since the word gesso is Italian for 'chalk'. Preparation varies according to intended use, but usually consists of mixing glue with plaster, chalk, or gypsum.
Gesso resembles paint, but is thinner and dries hard. Gesso is applied with a brush and must dry before the surface can be painted. It was first created for use in painting, in order to give the surface the right properties to receive paint. In Gothic and Renaissance panel painting, gesso was applied over a panel of wood in order to give the paint something to adhere to. It created a slightly rough surface and prevented the paint from seeping into the wood.

lamination

5. Glue tissue paper over the entire surface creating wrinkles and texture.

lamination step
painting

6. Let it dry completely.

7. Paint with bright colors (acrylics)

stining

8. Stain the project (use wood stain). Wipe off the excess varnish.

You can control the amount of woodstain on the surface. Some area can be more "textured" than others.

collage

9. Use dry brush technique with a light color paint to define the texture