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grid plan

1 point perspective
 

Print out 3 grids.

Position the following forms and build them up using 1-point perspective rules.

bkock in perspectiveL shape in perspectivecross in perspective

STEPS

block

grid layout

Mark a 2x3 block on a grid - you can lightly shade it or outline the perimeter.

gris in perspective

draw on a grid plan

Add height to the block - draw a vertical line from each corner.

There are only 3 types of lines in one-point perspective (horizontal, vertical, and receding):

  • Horizontal lines (that are parallel to you picture plane and the front side of the grid) - stay horizontal
  • Vertical lines, that show height - stay vertical
  • Lines, that show depth - become receding lines and go to the vanishing point.
draw on a grid plan

What is the closest part of the shape? You always start with defining it first.

Define the front side of the block by placing the top corner line.

It should be horizontal and parallel to the bottom corner line.

draw on a grid plan

Add depth by drawing two receding lines from the top two corners of the front side.

draw on a grid plan

Mark the crossing points of the receding lines and the back corners vertical lines.

These points define the height of the rest of the block: back, right, and left sides.

draw on a grid plan

Connect these two points.

If you've done everything correctly and accurately at this point - this line is a horizontal line (parallel to the front corner).

block in perspective

Done!

Apply the same steps to build more complex forms. If you get confused - break complex forms into simple blocks first.

L-shape

layout on a grid

Mark an L-shape on the grid.

L shape

Add height to your form.

Draw vertical lines from each corner (total of 6).

The layout and position of the shape can vary, but the steps stay the same.

draw on a grid plan

Find the closest side of the shape. You are going to start with defining it first.

Connect the two vertical corner lines with a horizontal corner line - you decide on the height of it.

draw on a grid plan

Add depth to the form by drawing two receding lines from its front top corners.

draw on a grid plan

Note where these receding lines crossed the vertical corner lines.

Mark these points.

draw on a grid plan

Draw a horizontal line from one of the points.

It is placed between the two vertical corner lines.

draw on a grid plan

Now, that we have the right corner line defined - add depth by drawing a receding line from the top right corner to the vanishing point.

draw on a grid plan

Note where the receding line crosses the back vertical corner line.

Mark that point.

draw on a grid plan

Connect the two top back corners with a straight line to define the top side.

If everything is done correctly - this line is a horizontal line and is parallel to the front corner line.

L shape in perspective

Done!

cross

cross layout

Start with marking a cross shape on the grid.

draw on a grid plan

Add height by drawing 12 vertical corner lines from each corner.

draw on a grid plan

What id the closest side?

Define its height.

draw on a grid plan

Add depth by drawing two receding lines from the two top corners of the front side.

draw on a grid plan

The top two receding lines are crossing the two vertical inside corners.

If you look at the shape layout on the grid - you will see that at these inside corners the top corner line should go horizontally.

draw on a grid plan

Draw two segments of the top horizontal corner line.

draw on a grid plan

Now we have a total of 5 sides done.

draw on a grid plan

Add more depth by drawing two more receding lines on the left and right sides of the cross.

Note where these lines cross the far vertical corner lines.

Mark these points.

draw on a grid plan

These points will define the height of these vertical lines.

draw on a grid plan

Draw the next horizontal corner lines between the corresponding receding lines.

draw on a grid plan

Add the last part of the depth.

Use existing receding lines that start at the very front top corners.

Mark the crossings.

draw on a grid plan

These marks will define the height of the very back side of the cross.

draw on a grid plan

Connect the two points with a straight line.
It should be a horizontal line.

cross in perspective

Done!

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