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Color wheel
worksheet | all ART-I lessons
full screen view here
Painting a color wheel is a great way to learn how to mix colors. In addition to that - you will also create a perfect reference that you can use as a color guide.

step 1 - grid

Cut out the two templates from here: worksheet

Position them on a 10"x1"5 illustration board.

The circle is 5" in diameter.

The rectangle is 7"x4"

Trace the two shapes.

Transfer the grid marks around the perimeter as shown.

Connect the marks. Divide the circle's radius into 4 parts.
Draw three circles to complete the grid.

step 2 - painting primary hues

There are 4 rings in your color wheel:

  • color shades (hue + Black)
  • hues
  • color tones (hue + Grey)
  • color tints (hue + White)

Paint three sections of the "hues" ring with primary colors. Make sure they are spaced evenly - having three sections in between.

There are 8 rows in the color value scale:

  • 3 primary + 3 secondary colors
  • Grey
  • Brown

Paint the middle column of rows 1, 3, and 6 with primary colors.

step 3 - painting secondary hues

In plastic cups mix 3 secondary colors:
orange, purple, and green

Always start with the lightest color, then add darker color (a little at a time):

To mix orange - start with yellow, add a little bit of red.

To mix purple - add blue into red.

To mix green - add blue into yellow

Fill in the "hue" sections between the corresponding primary colors.

step 4 - painting intermediate hues + Grey and Brown

In plastic cups mix 6 intermediate colors. These are the colors that you get by mixing a primary and a secondary colors.

For example:

  • red-orange = red + orange
  • red-violet = red + purple
  • yellow-orange = yellow + orange
  • yellow-green = yellow + green
  • blue-green = blue + green
  • blue-violet = blue + purple
To mix Grey - add a little Black into White.
To get Brown - you need to mix 2 colors that are opposite of each other on the color wheel (complementary color scheme).
In other words, you get Brown when you mix all 3 primary colors together. You just need to mix them in the right proportion.  

step 5 - SHADES

To create a shade - add a little of Black to your color.

step 6 - TONES

To create a tone - mix your color with Grey

step 7 - TINTS

To create a tint - add your color to White.

step 8 - shade values

Colors have values. Create 3 shades of each color by adding more black to your color.

Complete the dark values (shades).

step 9 - tint values

Create 3 tints of each color by using more white paint.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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