line | shape | value | color | space | texture | balance | contrast | repetition | emphasis | unity | art techniques

rubrics | vocabulary assignments | final 1 sem. | final 2 sem.

The elements and principles of design are the building blocks used to create a work of art.
Elements of Art are the visual "tools" that artists use to create an art work - they are what makes up an image or an art object: line, shape/form, value, color, space, and texture.
Principles of Design are the ways artists use the Elements of Art in an artwork - this is "what we do with the Elements" - how we arrange them, how we balance them, what is being emphasized, etc. The principles are: balance, contrast, repetition, emphasis, and unity.

Elements of Art

Elements of Art are the visual "tools" that artists use to create an art work

Artists manipulate these elements, mix them in with principles of design and compose a piece of art. Not every work has every last one of these elements contained within it, but there are always at least two present.

For example, a sculptor, by default, has to have both form and space in a sculpture, because these elements are three-dimensional. They can also be made to appear in two-dimensional works through the use of perspective and shading.

Click on the buttons below for more information and online presentations of each Element:


Here is why the Elements of Art are important to know: You can't create art without utilizing at least a few of them. No elements, no art, end of story. Knowing what the elements of art are enables us to:

  • describe what an artist has done
  • analyze what is going on in a particular piece
  • communicate our thoughts and findings using a common language.

semester 1

project hours due
intro 1  
limited drawing 3 09.08.16
line repetition 3 09.13.16
drawing with lines 4 09.20.16
see shapes 1 09.26.16
tangrams 2 09.26.16
tangram puzzle 1 09.26.16
tessellations 15 10.14.16
colored pencils worksheet 1 10.03.16
hand study 2 10.21.16
flower study 2 10.21.16
hand & flowers 12 11.10.16
SHAPE quiz 1 11.11.16
value scale 2 11.17.16
3-D forms 3 11.18.16
value layers 10 12.15.16
grid method drawing 3 12.19.16
Photorealism - value drawing 15 01.17.17
FINALS 1 01.18-20.2017

semester 2

project hours due
landscape coloring worksheets 7 02.02.17
color wheel 10 02.14.17
color scheme designs 2 02.17.17
col.scheme triptych 12 03.07.17
1pt worksheets (7) 2  
1pt. grid 1  
2pt worksheets (6) 2  
2 pt. grid 1  
birdhouses 10  
unit quiz 1  
apples 2  
texture balls 7  
texture cylinder 7  
unit quiz 1  

Assignments and projects

limited drawing

card design




See Shapes Tangrams Tangram Images

Tangram Puzzle Colored pencils basicss Name Design
Design principle: Unity

Design principle: Repetition
Drawing Hand Hand study

Flower study Hand & Flowers
Design principle: Balance



Value Scale 3-D forms: Chiaroscuro Grid Drawing

Pointillism White on Black Drawing
Principle of Design: Contrast
Scratch art
Design principle: Contrast

Grid method Photorealism: Value drawing
Design principle: Contrast
1/2 picture

Ribbon Design
Design principles: Unity, Repetition
Layers Popcorn factory



notes grid

1 point pespective worksheets:

I-pt. Perspective

1-pt. worksheet

add depth to the shapes

Checkerboard in Perspective

Practice form construction Posts in Perspective  

1 point perspective assignments

1-pt. grid plan Maze  

2 point perspective worksheets

2-pt. Perspective

2-pt. worksheet

add depth to the shapes


Practice form construction
2 point Form  

2 point perspective assignments

2-pt. grid plan City in 2-pt. perspective Birdhouses


3 point perspective

3-pt. Perspective 3 point Form 3 point block with a cutout

Principles of design: Balance, Repetition & Unity
Name in Perspective

ABC worksheet

in 1 pt. perspective

  Unit test practice  



Apples Texture Balls Texture Patterns

Cylinder Unit test practice  


Principles of Design

Principles of Design are the ways artists use and arrange the Elements of Art in a composition.

The Principles of design is what we do to the elements of art. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

Click on the buttons below for more information and online presentations of each Principle:


Assignments and projects


Paper Art Complementary Color Scheme Painting (Bugs)  


Art skills & techniques



home page




1. All assignments must be completed on or before the due date.
2. Each day after the due date your grade goes down one letter grade.
3. Unfinished artwork is not accepted.
4. If you are absent, it is your responsibility to make up all work. That includes coming and talking to me, asking for art supplies, and reading the instructions.
5. If you are absent, you are receiving a zero for the studio work for that day because you are not in class to work. It is your responsibility to make up studio time. You can do it after school Monday - Thursday 2:50-3:25 pm.
6. If you project requires extra time to be completed, you have to make arrangements with me prior the due date. This is your responsibility.
7. Even though Art can be subjective, grading your art projects it totally objective: each project has a rubric with specific requirements and guidelines. Just follow them.
8. Unless an assignment specifically requires copying, it will be interpreted in the same manner as plagiarism and is not acceptable.
9. You are graded every day for your studio work. If you are not working the entire class, you will receive a zero for that day.
10. You will also receive a zero if you do not clean up after yourself, clean up early, or unprepared for class.


1. Food, drinks, candy, gum are not allowed in the Art rooms. You will be sent to the office for this. No "warnings". A bottle of WATER is permitted in room 206 (only).
2. Cell phones are not allowed at any time. It is your fault if you use them , even if somebody is calling you. Phones should be turned off and put away. If I see or hear a phone - I take it from you. You will get it back at the end of the day at the office.
3. Be in the room before the bell rings. Dropping your stuff and leaving does not qualify you as being on time.
4. Sit at your assigned seat unless I give you OK to move. That means you do not walk around the room during the class.
5. Talk quietly with students at your table. Do not talk during the instructional time.
6. Draw, paint, etc. on your artwork only!
7. Use materials from your tote-tray only... don't go into other people's trays.
8. You can bring your work home anytime. You are responsible for having it back next day.
9. If you must swear, please do it elsewhere... Thanks.
10. You are responsible for cleaning your work area and the tools that you used. I am not going to do it for you!
11. If you are in the Graphics lab, use the printers for the current ART assignments only!!!
12. Encourage your fellow classmates in a positive way... treat them fairly and nicely. This room should be a fun and comfortable place for everyone.



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